The Dry Tree Menhir – the Goonhilly Downs standing stone

dry tree stone goonhilly

In the past writers have described the Goonhilly Downs on the Lizard peninsula as a bleak, remote and wild. Said to be the haunt of notorious highway men, travellers often complained of disorientating drifts of fog.

But the day I visited the downs were beautiful. The only drifts were of pink and white heather. There are thick banks of sloes berries bushes. Here and there low-lying bunches of purpley-blue whortle berries. Above everything, the silvery-white discs of the Goonhilly Earth Station dominate the skyline. Beautiful in their own right but strangely juxtaposed with the ancient landscape. I am not here to see them but have come in search of something far, far older.

The Dry Tree menhir

dry tree stone goonhilly

This beautiful standing stone dates from the bronze age and towers above me and the flowering heather. This is a huge stone. Stocky and solid, it stands roughly 3m (10ft) tall, with it is said a further metre below the ground.

The ancestors who placed it upright in the ground some 3000 years ago somehow brought it here from Crousa Downs, roughly 2 miles away. This effort indicates I believe not only the possible ritual significance of the site but the importance of this partcular stone too. It was obviously very carefully selected.

The Dry Tree stone is a massive piece of gabbro rock. Originally black in colour, gabbro is a course-grain, magnesium and iron rich igneous rock. It is formed deep in the earth by the slow cooling of magma.

dry tree stone goonhilly

Time and weathering have turned the stone grey and it is now dotted with lichen. It’s name, the Dry Tree, comes I assume from it’s resemblance to an ancient tree trunk. It is rotund, to large to reach my arms around, and seems firmly rooted in the ground with a skirt of grass.

dry tree stone goonhilly

Buried Treasure

Unfortunately, in the 19th century rumours of buried treasure led to the stone being toppled when various treasure hunters undermined it trying to make their fortunes. It was re-erected in 1927 by local quarrymen. Apparently Sir Courtney Vyvyan, who lived close by at the Trelowarren estate sponsored the event and Colonel Serecold paid for the men’s beer!

dry tree stone goonhilly

credit: Jill Newton, Bygone Helston & the Lizard

The landscape around the stone is scattered with other ancient remains. Most indistinguishable beneath the thick layer of gorse and heather. The whole area is now part of the Lizard Nature Reserve.

Goonhilly’s Highway Men

I’ll finish this story with a discription which I think vividly brings the Goonhilly Downs to life. Even on a sunny day the words ring true.

“The great waste of Goonhilly. A tract of country which, however interesting to the botanist or to him who gloats on legends, is sufficiently savage to have been a terror to travellers of ages not very remote from our own. And is still a perplexity even to natives when the sea mists envelope it with light wreaths of vapour. The familiar landmarks seem to melt away.”

From Highways and Byways in Devon and Cornwall, Arthur H Norway. 1900.

Finally, to give you an idea of scale I tried my best to take a picture of me next to this amazing stone. I am 5ft3ish.



Finding the stone proved to be a little more difficult than I thought. I thought there was no way to possibly miss a 10ft stone in the flat landscape of the downs. However the Dry Tree stone is tucked behind some trees.

I parked at the Lizard Nature Reserve car park, just past the entrance to Goonhilly Earth Station. From here take the main path which heads towards the dishes and the high perimeter fence. Turn left and head along the path that follows the fence. You’ll find the stone just past where the fences curves inwards and heads towards the station.

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Further Reading:

The Lizard Windmill & the notorious Windmill Gang

The Mawgan Cross – an Inscribed Stone in Meneage

Halliggye Fogou – One of Cornwall’s mysterious subterranean tunnels

I provide all the content on this blog completely FREE, there's no subscription fee. If however you enjoy my work and would like to contribute something towards helping me keep researching Cornwall's amazing history and then sharing it with you then you can DONATE BELOW. Thank you!

20 thoughts on “The Dry Tree Menhir – the Goonhilly Downs standing stone

  1. I love your posts! I definitely think when I have exhausted the National Trust membership I’m gonna check out so many of the places you’ve shared!!

    1. Haha Roast Meat hill is brilliant! We have a Hamburger hill because it was one of the first places in Cornwall to get a Macdonalds!

  2. About 18 years ago, I accompanied my then-primary-school-age daughter on a class trip to Goonhilly Space Station visitor centre, as parent helper. Goonhilly visitor centre was quite different then to how it is now; still a functioning satellite station and visitor attraction combined; the giftshop was full off novelty tat (dehydrated astronaut food, anyone?!) and the compulsory bus tour around the grounds was enlivened by a pre-recorded guide on loop, which, as the bus approached the menhir explained its vast age, size and physical characteristics before slipping in, totally matter of fact, how the purpose of the stone was uncertain other than ‘scientists believe it may have been used to communicate with the heavens …’ This revelation (prehistoric inhabitants of the Lizard Peninsula ‘communicating with the heavens’ via this giant block of stone) registering not so much as a bat of the eyelids from chattering schoolchildren and accompanying adults … aside from me, who has wondered about it ever since, and now share the anecdote here, for others to ponder.

  3. I remember the tour bus around there as a kid in the 70’s and fell in love. When I manage to get down there, the Lizard is my favourite place on earth and I feel closer to my Cornish ancestry. This info about a stone I’ve always had to touch for some reason, is wonderful. Thank you.

  4. If the beer was sponsored by Colonel Serocold then it would have been Watney’s – the Serocold family were major shareholders. They were originally a Cornish family, and related to the Vyvyans.

  5. Hello, Elizabeth. I imagine you know that Arthur H Norway – whom you quote – was the father of the great novelist Nevil Shute – Nevil Shute Norway (1899-1960).

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